Amazing and massive holes in the Earth
These deep holes in the Earth ground may gain a rightful place in the list of natural and human-made wonders.
Mother Nature usually impresses us with her incredible and glorious creations. So do we! In pursuit for valuable minerals, people dig enormous mines, by this producing colossal and singular masterpieces. Whether created by humans or nature, these large holes on the surface of our planet are astonishing and worth seeing.
#1 The Mir mine, Yakutia, Russia
This 1,722 feet (525 meters) deep hole in the ground used to be a diamond mine. Now inactive, the Mir mine is recognized as the second biggest excavated hole in the Earth.
#2 Darvaza Gas Crater, Turkmenistan (also known as the Door to Hell)
This natural gas crater appeared after Soviet engineers' exploration of gas in 1971. The gas field collapsed to a cavern during the drilling, so the geologists set the hole on fire for dangerous methane not to spread. The crater never stopped burning! 60 meters (200 ft) in diameter and 20 meters (66 ft) deep, the hole attracts a lot of tourists nowadays.
#3 Kimberly Hole, South Africa (also known as the Big Hole)
2,722 kg (6,000 lb; 13,600,000 carats) of diamonds were found there by the miners From 1866 to 1914. The whole mine is hand-dug: the workers used picks and shovels only!
#4 Monticello Dam's spillway, California, the USA (Also known as the Glory Hole)
The hole in 2009, when the water was 32.24 feet (9.83 m) below the crest.
The Glory Hole is the biggest spillway in the world! It's 87 ft (27 m) in diameter and 48,400 cubic feet (1370 m³/s) of water per second passes through it.
#5 The Bingham Canyon Mine, Utah, the USA
0.75 mile (1.2 km) deep, 2.5 miles (4 km) wide, the Bingman Canyon Mine is the biggest human-made excavation on Earth. Being active since 1906, The Bingham Canyon Mine is considered to be one of the most prosperous mines in the world.
#6 The Great Blue Hole, Belize
This sinkhole over 300 m (984 ft) in diameter and 124 m (407 ft) deep is a very popular place for extreme diving. Jacques-Yves Cousteau once made it famous in one of his works, and now thousands of tourists visit this paradise every year.
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