How do hurricanes get their beautiful feminine names?
Annually hundreds of tropical cyclones, tornado cyclones, hurricanes and sandstorms appear on Earth. We obtain disturbing messages about disasters all over the planet from the TV or radio. Have you noticed those destructive creatures always have feminine names? It may seem quite absurd, that is why we decided to clarify the matter for our dear readers!
Hurricanes are supposed to be given names in order to not to mix them up while there are lots of them destructing the planet simultaneously. Misunderstanding in forecasts can be fatal. Before the naming system appeared hurricanes used to get their names accidentally. Sometimes a hurricane was named in honor of a saint in whose day the misfortune occurred.
Thus, the hurricane which stroke Puerto Rico on July 26 was named "Santa Ana". The name could be also given according to the region a hurricane occurred in.
During World War Two air-force and naval meteorologists of the USA were monitoring tropical cyclones from North-West part of the Pacific ocean.
Military meteorologists named the tropical cyclones with names after wives and mothers-in-law to avoid mess. After the War meteorology division created a list of simple feminine names for hurricanes.
By 1950 the first naming system appeared. At first in was based on the military alphabet, but in 1953 it was decided to get back to feminine names. Eventually, the system was used for different types of cyclones.
Further, a need of systematizing the process of giving names emerged. The first disaster in a year ought to have been named with a feminine name started with the first letter of the alphabet, the second disaster - the second letter and so on. Only simple and easy spelled names were used for the purpose. There was a list of 84 selected feminine names. In 1979 World Meteorological Organisation and National Meteorological Service of the USA included male names into the list.
In case the cyclon is horribly destructive, its name is removed from the list never to be used again. For example, the name KATRINA is not supposed to be repeated again.
In the north-west part of the Pacific ocean tropical cyclones can be called by names of animals, flowers, trees and even some types of food. Japanese people refused to use feminine names for hurricanes as they believe women to be kind and gentle. Indian cyclones usually have no name at all.
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