Niue is a small island country in the South Pacific Ocean, approximately 1,500 miles northeast of New Zealand. The island has an area of about 101 sq. miles, with a population (as of 2016) of about 1,600.
The island is a self-governing state that is in free association with New Zealand. New Zealand acts on behalf of Niue in foreign affairs and defense issues, but only when requested by the Niue Government. Niue is not a member of the United Nations, but is recognized as a freely-associated state (which is equivalent to an independent state for the purposes of international law).
The economy of Niue is small, and heavily dependent on aid from New Zealand. Exports consist of processed cash crops (coconut cream, passion fruit products and others). Expanding tourism is an important aspect of future development on the island, with the Niuean government looking to attract foreign investment in the tourism industry.