In which country did a National Socialist armed police force "STAPO" exist from 1941 to 1945?
"Statspolitiet" (transl. the State Police; shortened STAPO) was from 1941 to 1945 a National Socialist armed police force that consisted of Norwegian officials after the Nazi German pattern. It operated independently of the ordinary Norwegian police. The force was established on 1 June 1941 during the German occupation of Norway. At its peak, in 1944 there were 350 employees in Statspolitiet, in addition to a larger number who collaborated or rendered services for them.
Its purpose was primarily to combat so-called "political crimes", refugees, espionage, sabotage, armed resistance and other kinds of resistance against the German occupation forces or the Norwegian collaborationist Quisling regime (common names used to refer to the fascist collaborationist government).
Statspolitiet was organized with a headquarters in Oslo and six subsidiaries in Oslo and Aker, Stavanger, Bergen, Trondheim, Tromsø and Kirkenes. The general of Statspolitiet, Karl A Marthinsen was assassinated by the Norwegian resistance movement on 8 February 1945. This caused massive reprisals, in which 34 imprisoned resistance fighters were executed at Akershus Fortress (medieval castle in the Norwegian capital Oslo).
After the German capitulation on May 8, 1945, Statspolitiet was disbanded immediately.