The 1930 Ice Hockey World Championships were held between January 30 and February 10, 1930, in Chamonix, France, Vienna, Austria, and Berlin, Germany. This event was the first world championships independent of hockey at the Olympics.

The tournament was a direct knock-out playoff. The Canadian team was considered so dominant that it did not participate in the knock-out tournament. Canada was put into the gold medal final game, and the tournament was played to determine an opponent.

Warm winter weather melted the ice in Chamonix, France and forced the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace officials to move the tournament to Berlin, Germany, and the Sportpalast (multi-purpose indoor arena which had artificial ice). Additionally, the fourth place match was played in Vienna, Austria, making this the only world hockey championship tournament to take place in three different countries.

The Canadian team lost to Austria 1-0 on February 7 (in Vienna) in an exhibition match. The loss to Austria was the first time any Canadian team had lost to a European team.

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