What breed of animal is a 'Blanc de Hotot'?
The 'Blanc de Hotot' is a medium-sized rabbit breed originally developed in France. It is a compact, thickset white rabbit with spectacle-like black rings around each dark eye. First bred in the early 1900s, the breed spread throughout Europe and into North America by the 1920s.
Initially unpopular when introduced in the United States, the breed suffered population decline in World War II-era Europe. It began to spread again in the 1960s and 1970s, and was re-imported to the US in 1978. Today it is recognized by the British Rabbit Council and the American Rabbit Breeders Association, but is considered globally endangered.
The 'Blanc de Hotot' is always white, with black bands around the eyes, which by breed registry standards should not be more than 1⁄16 to 1⁄8 inch (0.16 to 0.32 cm) wide. These bands give the breed "the appearance of fine spectacles around the eye". The body type is compact, thickset and somewhat rounded.
The breed has a wide chest, short neck and well muscled fore- and hind-quarters. Bucks weigh 8 to 10 pounds (3.6 to 4.5 kg) and does 9 to 11 pounds (4.1 to 5.0 kg). The Blanc de Hotot' is an active and hardy breed.
The 'Blanc de Hotot' was developed in 'Hotot-en-Auge', Normandy, France by Eugénie Bernhard, a noted rabbit breeder. She bred for the desired white and black coloration on a rabbit suitable for both meat and fur production.