What is Cuju?
The first known ball game which also involved kicking took place In China in the 3rd and 2nd century BC under the name cuju. Cuju was played with a round ball (stitched leather with fur or feathers inside) on an area of a square.
A modified form of this game later spread to Japan and was by the name of kemari practiced under ceremonial forms.
Perhaps even older cuju was Marn Gook, played by Aboriginal Australians and according to white emigrants in the 1800s, a ball game primarily involving kicking. The ball was made by encased leaves or roots. The rules are mostly unknown, but as with many other early versions of the game keeping the ball in the air was probably a chief feature