What type of art is this an example of?
Anamorphosis is a distorted projection or perspective requiring the viewer to occupy a specific vantage point, use special devices or both to view a recognizable image. Some of the media it is used in are painting, photography, sculpture and installation, toys, and film special effects.
The word 'anamorphosis' is derived from the Greek prefix 'ana‑', meaning 'back' or 'again', and the word 'morphe', meaning 'shape' or 'form'. It has been used by artists to disguise caricatures, erotic & optical illusions, and other furtive images from a casual viewer, while revealing an undistorted image to the trained eye. The first examples were largely religious themes. Leonardo da Vinci used this process in some of his best works.
Dada or Dadaism was an art movement that spanned visual, literary, and sound media, including collage, sound poetry, cut-up writing, and sculpture. Dadaist artists expressed their discontent with violence, war, and nationalism, and maintained political affinities with the radical far-left.
Cubism is a movement in art that began in France that is characterized by the use of geometric planes and shapes. Works of Pablo Picasso that consist of interlocking shapes and geometric planes are examples of cubism.
Fauvism a style of painting with vivid expressionistic and nonnaturalistic use of color that flourished in Paris and, although short-lived, had an important influence on subsequent artists. Matisse was regarded as the movement's leading figure.