Which Indian Nationalist was called "Netaji"?
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was an Indian Nationalist whose works, values and ideologies helped India gain freedom from British. He was born on 23rd January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa.
Bose qualified the prestigious Indian Civil Services Examination (ICS), but soon quit as he did not want to work under the British government. He played an important role in India’s independence struggle.
Later he became general secretary of the Congress party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru for Indian independence. In 1938 he was elected president of the Indian National Congress and formed a national planning committee, which formulated a policy of broad industrialization.
Captain-General Mohan Singh was the first to establish the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) in 1942 in Singapore with Indian prisoners of war of the British Indian army, but it later got disbanded. Bose with the help of Indians living in Southeast Asia, formed the INA again and proudly took charge of it.
In 1942, he earned the honorific title ‘Netaji’ (Respected leader), in Germany by the Indian soldiers of the Azad Hind Fauj. He was a very great and brave leader of the country, and was certainly a revolutionary freedom fighter.
He died on 18th August 1945, in Taiwan after sustaining injuries in a plane crash.