Which year saw the first successful ascent of Mount Everest?
Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in Tibet as Chomolungma, is the highest mountain on our planet. It is located in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal and Tibet. Its peak is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level. There are two main routes to climb Mount Everest: the north ridge (Tibet) and the south-east ridge (Nepal). Climbers also use more than 15 less known routes.
In 1953, a ninth British expedition, led by John Hunt, returned to Nepal. Hunt selected two climbing pairs to attempt to reach the summit. The first pair (Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans) came within 100 m (330 ft) of the summit on 26 May 1953, but turned back after running into oxygen problems. As planned, their work in route finding and breaking trail and their caches of extra oxygen were of great aid to the following pair. Two days later, the expedition made its second and final assault on the summit with its second climbing pair, the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepali sherpa climber from Darjeeling, India. They reached the summit at 11:30 am local time on 29 May 1953 via the South Col Route.
Here are some little-known facts about Mount Everest:
- At least one person a year dies trying to reach the summit. The only exception is the year 1977;
- The wind speed on the peak is more than 200mph;
- At least 120 dead bodies that can't be safely removed still remain on the mountain;
- Climbers use these corpses as landmarks;
- Most deaths on Everest are caused by avalanches and subsequent falls.