John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (3 January 1892 ā€“ 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high-fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion. Tolkien was commissioned as a temporary second lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers on 15 July 1915.

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