Who was the first to win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?
Emil Adolf von Behring's story is impressive. He displayed interest in medicine during childhood, but his family was poor. His father was a school master and wanted him to study theology, so he prepared himself for the priesthood. This was not realized because a military doctor, a friend of his family, intervened in this decision. Instead, Adolph entered the Pepiniere, the Army Medical Academy in Berlin. He received his medical degree in 1878. He really wanted to help people and began investigating diphtheria. He eventually discovered a diphtheria antitoxin. For his efforts, he was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1901.