In which year was the Eames chair released?
The Eames Lounge Chair and ottoman are furnishings made of molded plywood and leather, designed by Charles and Ray Eames for the Herman Miller furniture company.
They are officially titled Eames Lounge and Ottoman and were released in 1956 after years of development by designers. It was the first chair that the Eames brothers designed for a high-end market. Examples of these furnishings are part of the permanent collection of New York's Museum of Modern Art.
Charles and Ray Eames sought to develop furniture that could be mass-produced and affordable, with the exception of the Eames Lounge Chair. This chair is an icon of Modern style design. However, when it was first made, Ray Eames remarked in a letter to Charles that the chair looked "comfortable and un-designy".
The chair is composed of three curved plywood shells covered with veneer: the headrest, the backrest and the seat. The layers are glued together and shaped under heat and pressure. Beginning in 1956 and running through the very early 1990s, the shells were made up of five thin layers of plywood which were covered by a veneer of Brazilian rosewood.
A knockoff of the Eames Lounge Chair has been frequently featured in the show House, in the protagonist's office. Malory Archer's office chair in Archer is also an animation of the Eames Lounge Chair. In 2006, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the chair, Herman Miller released models using a sustainable Palisander rosewood veneer.