The word "Armageddon" appears only once in the Greek New Testament, in Revelation 16:16. The word is translated into Greek from Hebrew har məgiddô (הר מגידו), "har" meaning "hill" or "mountain," and "Megiddon" or "Megiddo," meaning "a place of crowds." In Israel "Mount Megiddo" is a hill created by many generations of people living and rebuilding on the same spot, on which ancient forts were built to guard the Via Maris, an ancient trade route linking Egypt with the northern empires of Syria, Anatolia and Mesopotamia. Megiddo was the location of various ancient battles, including one in the 15th century BC and one in 609 BC. Modern Megiddo is a town approximately 25 miles (40 km) west-southwest of the southern tip of the Sea of Galilee in the Kishon River area in Israel.

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