Guglielmo Marconi Airport is an international airport serving the city of Bologna in Italy. It is approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) northwest of the city centre in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. It is the administrative region of northeast Italy with an area of 22,446 km (8,666 sq mi), and about 4.4 million inhabitants. Bologna is the capital of the region. With a total of 8,506,658 passengers handled in 2018, it was the 8th busiest airport in Italy.

The airport is named after Bologna native Guglielmo Marconi (1874 -1937), an Italian electrical engineer and Nobel laureate. He was born in Bologna, Italy, and was a Nobel Prize-winning physicist and inventor credited with the groundbreaking work necessary for all future radio technology. Marconi shared with Karl Braun the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Through his experiments in wireless telegraphy, Marconi developed the first effective system of radio communication. In 1899, he founded the Marconi Telegraph Company and in 1901, he successfully sent wireless signals across the Atlantic Ocean, disproving the dominant belief of the Earth's curvature affecting transmission.

Enrico Fermi (1901–1954) was a physicist who constructed the world's first nuclear reactor in 1942. Alessandro Volta (1745–1827) was an electricity pioneer, eponym of the volt, and the inventor of the electric battery in 1800. Giovanni Domenico Cassini (1625–1712) was the astronomer who was the first to observe 4 of Saturn's moons.

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