He is the first African Noble Prize laureate for Literature. His name is?
Wole Soyinka was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986, becoming the first African laureate in Literature. He was described as one "who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence".
Reed Way Dasenbrock writes that the award of the Nobel Prize in Literature to Soyinka is "likely to prove quite controversial and thoroughly deserved". He also notes that "it is the first Nobel Prize awarded to an African writer or to any writer from the 'new literatures' in English that have emerged in the former colonies of the British Empire."
His Nobel acceptance speech, "This Past Must Address Its Present", was devoted to South African freedom-fighter Nelson Mandela. Soyinka's speech was an outspoken criticism of apartheid and the politics of racial segregation imposed on the majority by the Nationalist South African government. In 1986, he received the Agip Prize for Literature.