"The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford" is a 2007 American epic revisionist Western film written and directed by Andrew Dominik. Adapted from Ron Hansen's 1983 novel of the same title, the film dramatizes the relationship between Jesse James (Brad Pitt) and Robert Ford (Casey Affleck), focusing on the events that lead up to the titular killing.

Robert Newton Ford (January 31, 1862 – June 8, 1892) was an American outlaw best known for his assassination of Jesse James on April 3, 1882. After laying his revolvers on a sofa James had turned around and noticed a dusty picture above the mantel. He stood on a chair in order to clean it. Robert Ford drew his weapon and shot James in the back of the head.

Robert and his brother Charles, both members of the James–Younger Gang under James’s leadership, went on to perform paid re-enactments of the killing at publicity events. Ford would spend his later years operating multiple saloons and dance halls in the West.

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