At 1,770 kilometres (1,100 mi), Libya's coastline is the longest of any African country bordering the Mediterranean. The portion of the Mediterranean Sea north of Libya is often called the Libyan Sea. The climate is mostly extremely dry and desertlike in nature. However, the northern regions enjoy a milder Mediterranean climate.

Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the16th largest country in the world.Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world.

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