Louis Braille was born in Coupvray, France, in 1809. He was blinded at age three, in an accident in his father's workshop. He eventually attended the only school for the blind in France, where he developed the Braille code. Not only was it less cumbersome than the embossed print letters used in the books in those days, but he and his fellow students were able to write. In the truest sense, Braille made blind people literate.

More Info: braillebug.afb.org