In which European city is the National Coach Museum located?
The National Coach Museum (Portuguese: ‘Museu Nacional dos Coches’) is located on the Afonso de Albuquerque Square in Lisbon, Portugal. It is housed in the former home of the Portuguese School of Equestrian Art, part of the larger Belem Palace complex, formerly a Royal Palace which is now the official residence of the President of Portugal.
It includes one of the finest collections of historical carriages in the world and is one of the most visited museums of the city. As of 2015, approximately 346,000 visitors toured the museum.
The museum was created in 1905 by Queen Amelia (1865-1951), the wife of Carlos I of Portugal, to house an extensive collection of carriages belonging to the Portuguese royal family and nobility. The collection provides the visitor history of the development of carriages from the late 16th century through the 19th century, including carriages made in Italy, Portugal, France, Spain, Austria and England.
A few of the rarest carriages housed here include the late 16th and early 17th-century travelling coach used by King Philip II of Portugal (Philip III of Spain) to travel from Spain to Portugal in 1619. Among the carriages, there are several pompous Baroque 18th-century carriages decorated with paintings and exuberant gilt woodwork, the most impressive of these being a ceremonial coach given by Pope Clement XI (1649-1721) in 1715 to Portuguese King John V (1689-1750), who was known as the Magnanimous and the Portuguese Sun King.