The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2002 to Jimmy Carter (ex-US President), for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development. Carter won from a field of 156 candidates who were in contention for the prize named after Alfred Nobel, a Swedish philanthropist and the inventor of dynamite.

During his presidency (1977-1981), Carter’s mediation was a vital contribution to the Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt, in itself a great enough achievement to qualify for the Nobel Peace Prize. At a time when the cold war between East and West was still predominant, he placed renewed emphasis on the place of human rights in international politics.

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