Jomo Kenyatta (c. 1897 – 22 August 1978) was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist and politician who governed Kenya as its Prime Minister from 1963 to 1964 and then as its first President from 1964 to his death in 1978. He was the country's first indigenous head of government and played a significant role in the transformation of Kenya from a colony of the British Empire into an independent republic.

A member of the Kikuyu people, Kenyatta was born with the name Kamau in the village of Nginda. Birth records were not then kept among the Kikuyu, and Kenyatta's date of birth is not known. During the 1930s, he studied at Moscow's Communist University of the Toilers of the East, University College London, and the London School of Economics.

In 1952, he was among the Kapenguria Six (six leading Kenyan nationalists) arrested and charged with masterminding the anti-colonial Mau Mau Uprising.

On 22 August 1978, he died of a heart attack in the State House, Mombasa.

Within Kenya, Kenyatta came to be regarded as the "Father of the Nation", and was given the unofficial title of "Mzee", a Swahili term meaning "grand old man".

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