The V-2 was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile. The missile with a liquid-propellant rocket engine was developed during the Second World War in Germany as a 'vengeance weapon,' designed to attack Allied cities as retaliation for the Allied bombings against German cities. Over 3,000 V-2s were launched by the German Wehrmacht against Allied targets during the war, first London and later Antwerp and Liège. Here is what the missile looked like:

The missile attacks began on 8 September 1944 with a single launch at Paris, which caused modest damage near Porte d'Italie. Two more launches followed against London on the same day at 6:43 p.m. – the first landed at Chiswick, killing 63-year-old Mrs. Ada Harrison, 3-year-old Rosemary Clarke, and Bernard Browning on leave from the Royal Engineers. Over the next six months, 1402 missiles were fired at Britain, the majority at London. An estimated 2,754 Londoners were killed with another 6,523 injured. On 27 March 1945 the last V-2 to killed Mrs. Ivy Millichamp, aged 34, in her home in Kynaston Road, Orpington (a suburb of London).

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