The Renaissance era in Europe challenged the beliefs of what church?
The European Roman Catholic Church of the Middle Ages had a large impact on people's lives: their everyday life, art and education resulted from the fixed religious beliefs. Approximately in the middle of the 14th century European people felt no longer content with such a way of life, so they became more interested in expanding their knowledge of classic history and art. That's how the period of Renaissance started.
This era became a true rebirth of society and a kind of a bridge from the Middle Ages to the modern times and culture. The Roman Catholic Church was challenged on a number of fronts, as by the end of 16th century it eventually lost its key position as the supreme moral and political power in Europe. The Renaissance witnessed the end of the old and reactionary medieval spirit and led to significant results, which formed the art and culture in the way we know it nowadays.