Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front, a Nazi labour union, and headquartered in Wolfsburg. It is the flagship marque of the Volkswagen Group. "Volkswagen" translates to "people's car" in German.

In the early 1930s cars were a luxury: most Germans could afford nothing more elaborate than a motorcycle. Only one German out of 50 owned a car. Seeking a potential new market, some car makers began independent "people's car" projects โ€“ the Mercedes 170H, Adler AutoBahn, Steyr 55, and Hanomag 1.3L, among others.

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