On March 1, 1932, Charles Augustus Lindbergh Junior (June 22, 1930 - March 2, 1932), a 20 month-old son of aviator Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh, was abducted from his crib in the upper floor of his home in Highfields in East Amwell, New Jersey, United States. On May 12th of that same year, the child's corpse was discovered by a truck driver off the side of a nearby road. Cause of death was determined as a blow to the head that resulted in a damaged skull.

In September 1934, a German immigrant carpenter named Richard Hauptmann was arrested for the crime. After the trial that lasted from January 2 until February 13, 1935, he was found guilty of first-degree murder and sentenced to death. Despite his conviction, he continued to profess his innocence, but all appeals failed and he was executed in the electric chair at the New Jersey State Prison on April 3, 1936.

Legal scholars referred to the trial as one of the "trials of the century". The crime spurred Congress to pass the 'Federal Kidnapping Act', commonly called the 'Lindbergh Law', which made transporting a kidnapping victim across state lines a federal crime.

More Info: en.wikipedia.org