The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for Spain, marked the beggining of Spanish colonization.In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy Lòpez de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Isla Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain.Spanish settlement through Mexico, beginning in 1565, led to the Philippines becoming part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years.During this time, Catholicism became the dominant religion, and Manila became the western hub of trans-Pacific trade.

More Info: