What is the surgical removal of the uterus called?
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. It may also involve removal of the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and other surrounding structures.
Usually performed by a gynaecologist, a hysterectomy may be total (removing the body, fundus, and cervix of the uterus; often called "complete") or partial (removal of the uterine body while leaving the cervix intact; also called "supracervical").
It is the second most commonly performed gynaecological surgical procedure, after cesarean section, in the United States.
Hysterectomy is a major surgical procedure that has risks and benefits and affects the hormonal balance and overall health of women. Because of this, hysterectomy is normally recommended as a last resort after pharmaceutical or other surgical options have been exhausted to remedy certain intractable and severe uterine/reproductive system conditions.