Rutger Oelsen Hauer (23 January 1944 – 19 July 2019) was a Dutch actor, writer, and environmentalist. In 1999, he was named the Best Dutch Actor of the Century by the Dutch public.

Hauer's career began in 1969 with the title role in the Dutch television series Floris and surged with his leading role in "Turkish Delight"(1973), which in 1999 was named the Best Dutch Film of the Century. After gaining international recognition with the film "Soldier of Orange" in 1977, he moved into American films such as "Nighthawks"(1981) and "Blade Runner"(1982), His performance in "Blade Runner" brought him roles in films such as "The Osterman Weekend"(1983), "Ladyhawke"(1985), "The Hitcher"(1986), "Escape from Sobibor"(for which he won the 1987 Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor in the television film category), "Blind Fury"(1989),"The Blood of Heroes"(1989), and "Wedlock"(1991).

From the 1990s on, Hauer moved into supporting roles in major films such as "Buffy the Vampire Slayer"(1992),"Confessions of a Dangerous Mind"(2002),"Batman Begins"(2005), and "The Rite"(2011).He also made a return to Dutch cinema, and won the Rembrandt Award for Best Actor for his lead role in "The Heineken Kidnapping"(2011). Outside of acting, he founded the Rutger Hauer Starfish Association, an AIDS awareness organization. He was made a knight in the Order of the Netherlands Lion in 2013.

Hauer died on 19 July 2019 at his home in Beetsterzwaag, following an unspecified illness. He was 75.

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