Cleopatra was the last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. After her reign, Egypt became a province of the then-recently established Roman Empire.

The Ptolemies, throughout their dynasty, spoke Greek, and refused to speak Egyptian. By contrast, Cleopatra did learn to speak Egyptian, and represented herself as the reincarnation of an Egyptian goddess, Isis. Nowadays Cleopatra is known worldwide as one of the most influential and stunning women of all time.

Many people of her epoch believed her to be a temptress who used her sexuality as a powerful weapon. The truth is that Cleopatra was very intelligent, educated and cunning. She spoke as many as a dozen languages and was good at mathematics, philosophy, oratory and astronomy.

Many modern historians even doubt her famous beauty: they believe Cleopatra might have been a woman of an average appearance. Anyway, the proof (such as elaborate bust or painting) has not been found yet. One thing is clear - Cleopatra was one of the greatest rulers of all time.

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