Ascension Island is a part of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, which is a British Overseas Territory (BOT) located in the South Atlantic Ocean. The island is approximately 1,400 mi from the coast of Brazil and 1,000 miles from the African shoreline. Additionally, Ascension Island is roughly 800 mi from St Helena and 2,300 mi from Tristan da Cunha.

Historically, Ascension served as a vital coaling station and safe haven for ships and commercial airliners, particularly when seaplanes were used for international air travel. The island also served as a British air and naval station during the Second World War.

Ascension Island occupies an area of approximately 34 sq mi and is a volcanic islet that contains 44 distinct dormant craters. Due to the island's volcanic activity, the island probably got its name.

Ascension Island had an estimated population of 806 in 2016, which included 556 people from Saint Helena and 250 people of other nationalities. The island contains five settlements, which are Traveler’s Hill, Wide-awake Airfield, Cat Hill, Georgetown, and Two-Boats.

There are also cottages on Green Mountain that serve as the residence of Ascension Island’s Administrator, and are sometimes occupied by visitors. However, Ascension Island has no permanent residents, but rather anyone living on the island must have a contract of employment. Additionally, all visitors to the island require written permission from the Administrator.

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