Aristophanes (446 BC - 386 BC) was a comic playwright or comedy-writer of ancient Athens and a poet of Old Attic Comedy. His innovative and sometimes rough comedy could also hide more sophisticated digs at the political elite and deal with social issues such as cultural change and the role of women in society. Indeed, the plays of Aristophanes are not only a record of Greek theatre but also provide an invaluable insight into many of the political and social aspects of ancient Greece, from the practicalities of jury service to details of religious rituals in major festivals.

On the other hand, Aeschylus, Euripides and Sophocles were poets of ancient tragic drama.

Aeschylus, contrary to Aristophanes, is often described as "the Father of Tragedy".

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