Mombasa is a coastal city of Kenya along the Indian Ocean. The city is known as the 'White and Blue City' in Kenya. It is the country's oldest (circa 900 AD) and second-largest city, with a population of about 1,208,333 people according to the 2019 census. Its metropolitan region is the second largest in the country and has a population of 3,528,940 people.

Mombasa is a regional cultural and economic hub; it has an extra-large port and an international airport, and is an important regional tourism center. Located on the east coast of Kenya, it also is the home of one of the State House, and is considered by some as a second capital in all but name.

In 2018, the local government released an edict in which the city was painted white with blue accents and the old town was painted yellow to follow Mombassa's historical theme.

Mombasa's situation on the Indian Ocean made it a historical trading center, and it has been controlled by many countries because of its strategic location.

Being a coastal town, Mombasa is characterised by a flat topography. The town of Mombasa is centred on Mombasa Island, but extends to the mainland. The island is separated from the mainland by two creeks, Port Reitz in the south and Tudor Creek in the north.

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