"Um al-Dunya", literally translated as "Mother of the World", is an Arabic expression, which Egyptians, and others, have used throughout history in reference to the country’s achievements. It encompasses everything from the country’s ancient civilization, to a long list of Egyptian superlatives and achievements in religion, culture, science, and more.

Egypt’s strategic importance to a wide range of empires and global hegemons throughout history such as the Romans, the British, and more recently the Americans is a testament to its political significance. Under Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt was the “undisputed political center of the Arab world,” leading the rest of the region in resisting Western Imperialism and promoting Pan-Arabism.

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