The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is often called a grizzly bear. It is one of the largest living terrestrial members of the order 'Carnivora', rivaled in size only by the polar bear (Ursus maritimus).

It is found across much of northern Eurasia and North America. Typically, this bear will range from parts of Russia, Central Asia, China, Canada, the United States, Scandinavia and the Carpathian region, especially Romania, Anatolia and the Caucasus.

According to the International Uniform Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the brown bear is designated in a category called least concern. In simple terms, this indicates the IUCN has evaluated the status of the brown bear as not being a focus of species conservation. They do not qualify as vulnerable, threatened or near threatened. As of 2012, the total population is approximately 200,000.

The normal range of physical dimensions for a brown bear is a head-to-body length of 1.4 to 2.8 m (4 ft 7 in to 9 ft 2 in). Regarding the weight dimension, it varies but males have been found to be 217 kg (478 lb) with the adult females averaging 152 kg (335 lb).

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