'The Aeneid' is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC. It tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans. This poem comprises 9,896 lines in dactylic hexameter. About 60 lines of the poem were left unfinished at Virgil's death. 'The Aeneid' incorporates the various legends of Aeneas and makes him the founder of Roman greatness. The work is organized into 12 books; it relates the story of the legendary founding of Lavinium (parent town of Alba Longa and of Rome).

The poem's plot concerns the Mediterranean Sea, Aeneas, and his fellow Trojans who flee from their home city of Troy. It was destroyed by the Greeks. They sail for Italy, where Aeneas is destined to found Rome. In the poem, Aeneas tells of the sack of Troy that ended the Trojan War after ten years of Greek siege.

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