The Dâmbovița is a river in Romania. It passes through Bucharest, the capital and largest city of Romania. The name of the Dâmbovița is of Slavic origin, derived from Common Slavic "dǫbŭ", meaning "oak", as it once flowed through the oak forests of the Wallachian Plain.

For centuries, Dâmbovița was the main source of drinking water for the city of Bucharest. While there were a few dozen water wells, most of the water in Bucharest was distributed by water-carriers.

Bucharest folklore mentions the waters of Dâmbovița as "sweet", and even at the beginning of the 18th century, Anton Maria del Chiaro considered it "light and clean". However, toward the end of the 18th century, as the population of Bucharest increased, the river ceased to be as clean, and hence the need of the aqueducts. The earliest aqueducts with public fountains were built during the rule of Prince Alexander Ypsilantis.

Dâmbovița has never been navigable, but there has been an unsuccessful attempt in 1902 to introduce boats on the river.

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