Which of the following artists had the real last name 'Filipepi'?
Born Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (c. 1445 –1510), his adopted last name is Italian plural for 'botticello' (little barrel), a nickname for his brother Giovanni, apparently rotund like a barrel.
Aside from a sojourn to Rome (early 1480s), where he executed three wall paintings in the Sistine Chapel - one is 'The Temptation of Christ' and the others two episodes from the story of Moses - Botticelli spent almost his entire life in his native Florence; it's only apt his dual masterpieces - 'Primavera' (Spring) and 'Birth of Venus' - are in one of the city's primary museums, the Uffizi (offices).
'Birth of Venus' may be his most popularly familiar work, perhaps the second known painting of a female nude other than Eve and blessed/damned souls in Last Judgement depictions; 'Bathsheba' by the older German-born Flemish Hans Memling (1430-94) was the first. Botticelli may be the first known painter to depict ancient Greco-Roman myths.
The Medici family was vital in Botticelli's career; there are his two known extant portraits of Giuliano de Medici. He did at least three versions of 'The Adoration of the Magi'; the one in the Uffizi (uploaded photo) depicts four Medici rulers. Cosimo I, the dynasty's already-dead elderly progenitor, is shown kneeling left of the Virgin Mary, plus Giuliano, low left corner; Piero the Gouty, in red robe near low right corner; and Lorenzo the Magnificent, right, in full profile in black cloak with red standing, lower body blocked.