Fujiko Nakaya (born 1933) is a Japanese artist, most noted for her fog sculptures. After spending some time in Europe, Nakaya returned to Japan in 1960, showing her oil paintings in a two person show at the Sherman Art Gallery in Chicago (1960) and later attaining her first solo exhibition featuring twelve of her paintings at the Tokyo Gallery (1962).

Nakaya first gained prominence through participating in American art collective Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.) created in 1967. She became the Tokyo representative for the group in 1969 which gave her the platform to create the world's first atmospheric fog sculpture for the Pepsi Pavilion at Expo '70 in Osaka. She has since established many other fog installations at galleries worldwide, including the Australian National Gallery, Canberra and the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.

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