Of the two species of elephants, the Asian elephant is the smaller one with correspondingly smaller ears and shorter tusks. Most people notice the difference in the ears first, noting that the African elephant has ears that are shaped like the continent of Africa. The head is also shaped a bit differently with the Asian elephant having two domes on top.

There are two subspecies of African elephants: savannah and forest.

There are four subspecies of Asian elephants: Sri Lankan, Indian, Sumatran, and Borneo.

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