The individual who dubbed "Faith, Hope and Charity" the three theological virtues was Thomas Aquinas. These virtues (Faith, Hope and Charity) have become the fundamental principles of Catholicism. Thomas Aquinas is the one who amply elaborated on his three supernatural virtues in the seventh and eighth volumes of the Chinese edition of 'Summa Theologica'.

It was Thomas Aquinas as a medieval Catholic philosopher who explained that the three virtues of Faith, Hope, and Charity are called theological virtues "because they have God for their object. They are the items that properly direct people to God. These virtues are infused into the soul of every human being by God alone. Finally, Aquinas points out, "Man is able to know of them (the three theological virtues) only by Divine revelation in the Sacred Scriptures".

St. Thomas Aquinas was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, and Catholic priest. He was an immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism. He became known as both the Doctor Angelicus and the Doctor Communis. Aquinas was born in 1224 or 1225 in Roccasecca, Italy; he died in March 1274 in Abbazia di Fossanova, Fossanova Abbey, Italy. Aquinas acquired his education at the University of Paris and the University of Naples Federico II.

More Info: