Rachel Louise Carson (May 1907 – April 1964) was an American writer and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement. Carson began her career as an aquatic biologist in the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, and she became a full-time nature writer in the 1950s. Her widely praised 1951 bestseller The Sea Around Us won her a U.S. National Book Award and recognition as a gifted writer.

Perhaps most significantly, in June 1980, Carson was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States, by Jimmy Carter.

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