"Martin Eden" is a 1909 novel by American author Jack London about a young proletarian autodidact struggling to become a writer. It was first serialized in "The Pacific Monthly" magazine from September 1908 to September 1909 and then published in book form by Macmillan in September 1909.

Living in Oakland at the beginning of the 20th century, Martin Eden struggles to rise above his destitute, proletarian circumstances through an intense and passionate pursuit of self-education, hoping to achieve a place among the literary elite. His principal motivation is his love for Ruth Morse.

When London wrote Martin Eden at age 33, he had already achieved international acclaim with "The Call of the Wild", "The Sea-Wolf" and "White Fang". Despite the acclaim, he quickly became disillusioned with his fame and set sail through the South Pacific on a self-designed ketch, the "Snark". On the grueling two-year voyage, as he struggled with tiredness and bowel diseases, he wrote "Martin Eden", filling its pages with his frustrations, adolescent gangfights and struggles for artistic recognition.

London borrowed the name "Martin Eden" from a working-class man, Mårten Edin, born in Ådalen, Sweden, but the character has more in common with London than with Edin. Ruth Morse was modeled on Mabel Applegarth, the first love of London's life.

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