Established by Abraham Lincoln, the Medal of Honor is the highest military award that can be bestowed upon service members that distinguish themselves through gallantry in action. While serving as Sec. of Navy, the future President quit his day job and formed a volunteer unit known as the Rough Riders during the Spanish American War and took part in a lot of confrontations in Cuba. He was nominated in 1916, 3 yrs before his death, for his action at San Juan Hill. It was awarded posthumously by Pres. Bill Clinton in 2001.

Besides, Roosevelt is the only Medal of Honor awardee to also be a Nobel Laureate (Peace, 1906). Interestingly enough, his son, Lt. Gen. Theodore Roosevelt Jr, was also awarded a Medal of Honor for his actions during the first wave of landings on Normandy Beach in 1944.

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