Philip St. John Basil Rathbone, MC (13 June 1892 – 21 July 1967) was a British actor born in South African Republic. He earned his fame in the United Kingdom for his work as a Shakespearean stage actor and went on to star in more than 70 films, such as costume dramas, swashbucklers and, from time to time, horror films.

Rathbone frequently portrayed suave villains or morally ambiguous characters, such as Mr. Murdstone in David Copperfield (1935) and Sir Guy of Gisbourne in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938).

But Rathbone's most famous role is heroic. He played Sherlock Holmes in fourteen Hollywood films about the best known detective in the world. After this Rathbone became a true icon of the American stage, always associated with his outstanding performance in these movies and also in a radio show about Holmes.

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