Duchess pears are medium to large-sized fruits that have a globular, oval, bulbous, to ovate shape, depending on the individual variety and whether it is classified as a summer or winter pear. Duchess pears, when ripe, are highly aromatic with a sweet, honey-like taste mixed with subtle tangy notes.

Duchess pears are a good source of vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that can help protect the immune system and fiber, which can help improve digestion. The pears also contain some vitamin A, calcium, iron, and other antioxidants to support overall health and repair of bodily tissues and organs.

In Russia, Duchess pears are used in a popular carbonated beverage known as Duchess soda or lemonade. The drink was created in the 1930s as a part of a new line of carbonated beverages, and the sweet, slightly acidic drink is made out of sparkling water mixed with pear-infused syrup, lemon juice, and sugar.

Duchess pears are native to the United Kingdom, where they were created by a well-known English breeder named D. Wheeler in the late 18th century. After its development, Duchess pears were distributed across Europe with the help of V. Williams and were featured at exhibitions to promote the new variety. Williams became highly associated with the pear, and one type was even named after him. Over time, pear cultivation also expanded into Asia, and today Duchess pears are grown throughout Europe, in regions of Central Asia, and across Russia.

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