The number of U.S. Cabinet posts which Elliot Richardson held in the 1970s was 4. Richardson served as Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare from 1970 to 1973, Secretary of Defense from January to May 1973, Attorney General from May to October 1973, and Secretary of Commerce from 1976 to 1977. He was one of only two individuals to have held four Cabinet positions within the United States government (the other being George Shultz).

Richardson was an American lawyer and public servant. He was a member of the cabinet of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. As U.S. Attorney General, he was a prominent figure in the Watergate Scandal, and resigned rather than obey President Nixon's order to fire special prosecutor Archibald Cox.

Richardson was born in Boston, Massachusetts on June 1920. He lived for 79 years and died on New Year's Eve, 1999, of a cerebral haemorrhage in Boston, Massachusetts. He is remembered by people for the reflective quote he wrote. "I am a moderate – a radical moderate. I believe profoundly in the ultimate value of human dignity and equality."

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