Frédéric François Chopin (1810 – 1849) was a composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano. He grew up in Warsaw, Poland to a French father and Polish mother.

Chopin has maintained worldwide renown as a leading musician of his era, one whose 'poetic genius' was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw at the age of 20.

By age 21, he settled in Paris. By age 25, Chopin obtained French citizenship (1835). After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska from 1836 to 1837, he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer, Amantine Dupin.

Chopin's art reached a new plateau in the late 1830s as a result of his romantic involvement with another writer, Aurore Dudevant, six years his senior. In his final years, he was supported financially by his admirer, Jane Stirling in 1848. Though Chopin had several romantic affairs, none of his serious relationships lasted more than a year.

For most of his life, Chopin was in poor health. He died in Paris in 1849 at the age of 39, as a result of illness. Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his high-profile love-life, and his early death have made him a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films & biographies of varying historical fidelity.

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