Laryngology is a subspecialty within otolaryngology (ear, nose, and throat) that deals with illnesses and injuries of the larynx, often called the voice box. The voice box sits in the front of the neck and contains the vocal cords. The larynx is responsible for sound production and swallowing. It is also the entrance to the windpipe, and therefore plays a critical role in the airway.

A laryngologist is a surgeon with a special interest in voice, airway, and swallowing disorders involving the voice box and the throat.

Treatments for conditions that affect the larynx vary depending on your diagnosis. Treatment for conditions caused by vocal abuse, misuse, or overuse may be as simple as resting the voice. Voice or singing therapy might also be recommended. This is performed by a speech-language pathologist.

Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments may be used to treat laryngeal cancer. Surgery may also be required to treat nodules, polyps, or cysts. Treatment for conditions of the larynx and vocal cords are highly individual, depending on your condition, age, and profession. Your doctor will take all of these into account to create a personal treatment plan.

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