Oscar Wilde was a celebrated 19th-century Irish author, poet and playwright. He authored the classic 'The Picture of Dorian Gray', a Gothic tale about a man who traded his soul in exchange for eternal youth.

But Oscar Wilde was best known for his sharp and original wit, which was highly appreciated by Victorian aristocrats, and he became a coveted guest to socialite gatherings. His many famous quotes and witticisms include:

"Everything in moderation, including moderation."

"I don't want to go to Heaven. None of my friends are there."

"The only good thing to do with good advice is pass it on; it is never of any use to oneself."

Despite marrying and fathering two sons, Wilde was also prone to homosexual tendencies, which tragically proved to be his undoing. After seducing the adult son of a Marquess, Wilde was publicly shamed and sentenced to two years of prison and hard labour.

Upon release in 1895, he left England and found exile in Paris. By the end of 1897, Wilde was ill, indebted and forced to find cheap lodging. His last months were spent on a room in the dilapidated 'Hôtel d'Alsace' whose décor was far below the standards of his previous aristocratic hosts. His last words of wit were to his publisher: "My wallpaper and I are fighting a duel to the death. One of us has got to go".

On November 30th 1900, Oscar Wilde died of meningitis, a sequel to a prison injury as reported by his French physicians.

The Hôtel d'Alsace has since been redecorated.

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